Goal 3. Good Health and Well-being


Health constitutes human capital in sustainable development as well as being a desirable outcome in its own right. It creates resilience to shocks and is a critical element in the cycle of sustainable development: improving health leads to economic development which usually leads to improvements in health (1).


Average population health levels and inequalities in health are a good barometer of societal functioning (2). This goal is wide-ranging and includes non-communicable diseases, mental health, disease prevention, tobacco control, disaster risk reduction and intellectual property. Missing elements include acknowledgement of the role of the global food system, the built environment, and socioeconomic factors such as education and working conditions/occupational health which are all determinants of the global disease burden (2). This could be addressed through stronger links with Goals 4, 8, 10, 11, 12 and 16.